In a small bowl, whisk together the paprika, thyme, onion powder, garlic powder, cayenne, and kosher salt.
Brush (or spray) the chicken breasts with the oil on both sides, then sprinkle both sides with the seasoning mixture, pressing with your fingers to help the coating adhere.
Heat a well-seasoned, large cast iron skillet over high heat until smoking hot, about 5 minutes.
Add the chicken breasts. Cook 30 seconds on each side to blacken, then place the skillet in the oven to finish cooking, 10-12 minutes. The chicken is done when no longer pink in the center, when juices run clear when pierced with a fork, and when its internal temperature reaches 160 degrees F.*
Remove the chicken to a platter, loosely cover it with foil to keep it warm, and allow it to rest for 5 minutes before slicing and serving.
*If your chicken breasts are larger than 8 oz each, they will need more time in the oven - around 15 minutes. In this case, loosely cover the pan with foil to prevent their tops from burning.You can use chicken thighs instead of breasts. The chicken will come out juicier. You might need to adjust the cooking time - it's best to use a thermometer to check for doneness.